SIMPLE: Sparse Interaction Model over Peaks of moLEcules for fast, interpretable metabolite identification from tandem mass spectra.
Recent success in metabolite identification from tandem mass spectra has been led by machine learning, which has two stages: mapping mass spectra to molecular fingerprint vectors and then retrieving candidate molecules from the database. In the first stage, i.e. fingerprint prediction, spectrum peaks are features and considering their interactions would be reasonable for more accurate identification of unknown metabolites. Existing approaches of fingerprint prediction are based on only individual peaks in the spectra, without explicitly considering the peak interactions. Also the current cutting-edge method is based on kernels, which are computationally heavy and difficult to interpret.
We propose two learning models that allow to incorporate peak interactions for fingerprint prediction. First, we extend the state-of-the-art kernel learning method by developing kernels for peak interactions to combine with kernels for peaks through multiple kernel learning (MKL). Second, we formulate a sparse interaction model for metabolite peaks, which we call SIMPLE, which is computationally light and interpretable for fingerprint prediction. The formulation of SIMPLE is convex and guarantees global optimization, for which we develop an alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) algorithm. Experiments using the MassBank dataset show that both models achieved comparative prediction accuracy with the current top-performance kernel method. Furthermore SIMPLE clearly revealed individual peaks and peak interactions which contribute to enhancing the performance of fingerprint prediction.
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Dai Hai Nguyen, Canh Hao Nguyen and Hiroshi Mamitsuka
SIMPLE: Sparse Interaction Model over Peaks of moLEcules for fast, interpretable metabolite identification from tandem mass spectra. link
Bioinformatics, Volume 34, Issue 13, 1 July 2018, Pages i323-i332.
Dai Hai Nguyen
(hai [at] kuicr.kyoto-u.ac.jp)
Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University Gokasyo, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan